An Alternative Construction Project in TGD, Punjab, Pakistan
Saturday, October 3, 2015
By Prof Dr Norbert Pintsch / FPAC
The NGO A.F.A. is working successfully since over 29 years. In order to develop the project further, an application for support was made to the Japanese embassy in 2004 for the purpose of establishing a School of Home-Economics in the TGD village next to the village school. Due to the massive earthquake however, all funds were diverted to the rehabilitation of earthquake victims so the application remained inconclusive.
In the meanwhile, a requirement for overnight stay is increasingly felt for regular student groups, which visit the village, also to witness the use of alternative energy techniques in the village as well as the cooperation of the village NGO with universities in Lahore regarding mud construction techniques. Three experimental construction samples were set up at the Peerzada Cultural Complex, three further samples and two flood water shelters at the Beaconhouse University.
The experience gained in these trials has led to the conclusion, that a Bio-Gas unit should be installed at the planned construction site in order to give access to thy farmers in the village to alternative technology.
The planned building consists of a ground floor ventilation area, which can be used by the neighboring residents as cattle keeping area as well as for the installation of the Bio-Gas unit. Outsiders reach the rooms level via a bridge leading from the road to the building. In this way, the visitors as well as the farmers do not disturb each other. The rooms level is supported by a steel-concrete construction with different heights fixed with supports. The different levels of construction aid the air circulation; the rooms are located a little apart from each other, which also supports the ventilation. A staircase leads to the next level.
The rooms are made of mud walls. These are protected from rain by the elongated roofs. The room ceilings are made of bamboo material, so that the bamboo roof and the steel concrete roofs are separated from each other for thermal reasons and air can circulate easily between them.
The planning office in Lahore will make the basic design. It is intended to integrate students of universities in Lahore into the project.
The main aim of the project is to demonstrate the use of climate friendly construction materials. The use of mud as construction material and alternative energy techniques will show a way for the future.
Also the location of the one-room houses is to be done in a climate friendly manner and air circulation is to be promoted through some distance between them.
The ground floor provides the farmers with a secure place to keep their cattle and also a location to fix the Bio-Gas unit.
The Bio-Gas unit will be used by the upper level rooms and by the villager families living near the ground level. The lighting in the compound will be provided by the photo-voltaic unit installed on the roof top.
End of Handicrafts?
Wednesday, September 23, 2015
Prof Dr Norbert Pintsch / SPARC-project, IPC
At this point I may point to Art Nouveau and as one of its excellent example the Palais Stoclet in Brussels; it only proves: Excellence keeps standing!
For everything else is valid: When mass production predominates and the hope is to find consumers, who are less informed and more inclined to snap up anything offered at a super price, in the hope to be able to call something special as their own, then it is surely the rightful end of this article, which was anyway not real but a pseudo handicraft.
It is not a problem to scan and reproduce a unique article with help of CNC. This may sadden, but it is only a matter of getting used to it, like the 2-D copies.Even an experienced buyer cannot differentiate between the copy and the original piece. Only absolute experts with taste, knowledge and money know to appreciate it!
All others remain silent in the spirit of delusion!
The absolute majority vanishes, in the industrial uniformity and run for trade marks, wish for a seeming regular change through fashion and other such actions.
Insofar, this picture depicts not only the situation of handicrafts but also of everything which can be designed, including body products, clothing, internal and external designing up to the whole spectrum of industrially designed products.
Environmental protection and wastage of resources remain stuck at discussion level only.
Conclusion: There is no reason for sadness. In each period of time, only little remained back of cultural heritage; the meaningless taking the transitory path,- like the falling leaves in autumn, which vanish as dirt in the course of the year.
In the course of a human life, the direct relationship between the creator and the created is important and has its special value,- the economic relationship is an income generating measure and a charade. To see through it is left to the future generations!
Unique Item vs. Industrial Production
Friday, September 18, 2015
Prof Dr Norbert Pintsch / SPARC-project, IPC
As soon as the infrastructure allows it, manufacturing of various items of daily use but also handicrafts are started to be produced through industrial methods.
The argument here is normally: It must be worthwhile to produce the item, this refers to the economic level, which has and must have its short term and short sighted approach to problem resolution. The cultural aspect here is totally ignored, because an evaluation of something neither tangible nor calculable is hardly possible.
This dilemma is clearly visible in the development of share prices. They increase in totality according to general situation, because they represent the industrial production. It does not reflect the destruction of resources and the environmental damage, on which it is based.
As a graphical depiction, the industrial growth can be put in comparison to the loss of resources. Regarding manufacturing of unique pieces and requirement of the customers to purchase something very individual, the comparison would be with the estimated loss of the ability to manufacture the piece of handicraft.
Why should a unique piece be manufactured at a higher cost, if it can be manufactured industrially in a much larger quantity,- so the opinion and expectation of the purchasers.
In the field of the art market, runaways from the artistic scene suggest a demand for the items with unique characteristics. The specialty has a price. Participation in its production creates imitators, so the price continues to slide downward and withy that also the value.
This phenomena is actually not a phenomena but rather a result of the economic oriented approach.
Work places, resources, cultural values are regulated in this way and cause damage in social and political field.
It is remarkable, how little attention is given to the effects and causes. The industrial product with a logo has a higher value as compared to the unique product, especially then, when it is not communicated industrially.
The possibility of marketing unique items and small series is made difficult and obstructed through certification sectors, which in the context of value addition suggest safety, environmental protection and work protection.
Result is, that the unique product gradually falls away from perception for financial reasons through the missing value addition. The special thing is, that the richness of culture of a country gradually disappears.
Innovation and creativity are promoted, but limited due to economic arguments. The connections between climate, environment and culture are lost in the process of globalization. The forgotten and the lost differences however remain.
NGOs vs Ltd
Thursday, September 10, 2015
Prof Dr Norbert Pintsch / SPARC-project, IPC, SES
NGO means here socially oriented institutions and Ltd means here economically oriented institutions. The former manufacture something and they are also not dependent upon the market, however the social aspect prevails. The latter , and this is the tragic thing, see only economic growth as their sole purpose.
NGOs can be seen as institutions, which are supposed to subordinate themselves to the existing order of things, in order not to cause any problems.
Due to the given order and organization, eventual disturbace factors are also to be accepted. At the same time creativity and innovation is standardized to an extent, that critical voices rightfully put in question the sense of this order and organization.
Also this will be of no help except working on the effects only and trying to repair them.
The real causes for the multiple problems remain hidden, concealed and are therefore ignored. Should one make an effort to publish them, the basic structure would vanish and whole chain of problems would become visible.
At this place, we must refer to the widespread theory of sinus curves, which represent the reality as as permanent back and forth of repetition. The reality as a consequence is made up of total collapse and a new beginning, as is the case with a tangent curve, as explained impressively and repeatedly by the critical thinker KP Friebe.
Illusory prosperity, a mania for value addition and growth become recognizable as a thing that is wished for but in fact is impossible to achieve. A big crater becomes visible in the seemingly perfectly organized order of things.
It is to be doubted, whether in a new order, an appreciable number of people can be put to use in an active manner.
Ltd's as a metaphor for economic organization, have the ability to engage on an international level. They have long ago recognized the chance for overcoming the fictive and arbitrary boundaries of states and use this opportunity to the fullest. By using the technology and the factor time, they provide for the repeal and ineffectiveness in the political and social fabric.
Analog and digital action
Thursday, August 13, 2015
Prof Dr Norbert Pintsch / SES, Omar M. Ali / SPARC-project
Times of transformation are times of change and change always comes.
In the present time, change is brought about through the use of and effects of Information and Communication. At the same time, the factor is ignored, although it is there all the time.
The manufacturing of a unique piece requires time and demands Initiative, Creativity and Innovation. Terms, which are precondition in the analog as well as in the digital world. The big danger here is of acting as Either-Or, because it is more sensible to act as This-As well as this. Otherwise the ground reality goes lost and the digital reality is considered the only reality. The production of errors is increased exponentially. These again lead to Pseudo-Solutions, which contain new faults!Read more »
Dolls, Toys and More
Wednesday, May 6, 2015
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TGD Housing Competition
Monday, March 30, 2015
One of the most cherished Spring activity in the village Thatta Ghulamka Dhiroka is annual housing competition. This is an open competition and everyone in the village participates. Judges select the best mud house, best details and best exterior and cash prizes are given.
This annual competition keeps the Dolls Village spanking round the year in addition to keeping the cultural morals alive. This year Winner Bibi Bashiran was the winner once again. Professor Aamir Rafique gave the cash prize.
Compitition with aims of preservation of rural cultural, heritage and environment protection was supported by FPAC and SPARC in Lahore through students from Punjab University.
The students were so impressed, that they have collected additional money for the winners.